Country Profile

The Russian Federation Country Profile Facts

Russian Federation is one of the five Nuclear weapons States, its military power is the second-largest in the world

Russian Federation is a transcontinental country, which means that it has its footprint on more than one continent. It is the largest country in the world because it holds the inhabited land area of one-eighth of the Earth. Between the 3rd and 8th century, the East Slavs are the momentous group emerged in Europe. In the 9th century, the Medival state of Russia ruled by a Varangian warrior and their descendants. The adoption of Orthodox Christianity in 988 starts the gallery of byzantine and Slavic cultures, which defines the Russian culture for the next millennium. Until its union of Grand Duchy of Moscow in the 15th century, Ras was separated into many small states. The Russian Empire getting expanded from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east after its victory in the 18th century.  The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is the most prominent and foremost constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) or the Soviet Union. As the Russian Federation is one of the five Nuclear weapons States, its military power is the second-largest in the world.

Ethnic Groups

Ethnic groups of Russia are the largest in the world because of it a multi-national state with multicultural people. Over 185 Ethnic groups were declared as nationalities of the Russian Federation. The population of these ethnic groups is highly varied from million to thousand.


The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world by the total land area of 17.1 million square kilometers. Russia’s largest capital city is Moscow. Russia has its coastline along the Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Sea of Azov and the Caspian Sea. Russia is home to more than thousands of rivers, and it ranks second for renewable water resources. The mountain ranges are largely seen on the southern borders.


In 2018, the population of the Russian Federation was 144,478,050, and it was estimated to reach 146 million in 2020. The Population of Russia is the largest in Europe and is the ninth-largest in the world. Moscow ranks second for the highly populated city in Europe. The life expectancy of both males and females at birth was 73 years. The population density of Russia in 2018 was 8.5 people per square kilometer. 


Russian Orthodoxy is the de facto national religion. From the 10th century onwards, orthodox Christianity was followed by Russians. The Orthodox Church history says that Saint Andrew, who was the first Apostle of Jesus, brought Christianity to Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine territories. Excluding Orthodox Christianity, other forms of Christian groups are also living in the country.

Read Also : Australia Country Profile Facts


Recognized traditional religions of Russia are Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Paganism, which also signifies the “historical heritage” of the country. According to 2012 Global Religious Landscape survey, Christianity (73.3%), Islam (10%), Buddhism (0.1%), Folk religion (0.2%), Judaism (0.2%) and non religious (16.2%). In between 185 ethnic groups, Russian is the only official language. More than 150 million people speak Russian in the country. Other than Russian, there are nearly 100 languages speak by ethnic groups of the country.


Russia’s upper-middle-income economy is the fifth-largest in Europe. Its natural resources and natural reserves are the largest in the world. The oil reserves, natural gas reserves, and mineral reserves are mostly found in Russia and are the largest in the world. It is the leading producer and exporter of oil and natural gas. Russia is the most powerful country in Europe with high military powers. As Russia is holding a large number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, it became a popular tourist destination. In 2018, it had the GDP (nominal) of $1.658 trillion, and it shows a 2.3% annual growth. The Human Development Index (HDI) value of 0.824 in 2018 shows very high development in the human category.


What is Russia’s country code?

The country code of Russia is RU.

What is the most beautiful village in Russia?

Vyatskoye, Totma, Kimzha, Oshevenskiy Pogost, Kinerma, Bolshoy Kunaley, and Staraya Ladoga are the most beautiful villages in Russia.

Where is Russia located?

Russia is a country partly located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the world’s largest country by area, and it borders most of the countries in the world, with sixteen sovereign nations.

What is Russia’s phone code?

The Russian country uses +7 as its phone code.

What are the countries bordered by Russia?

Fourteen sovereign countries border Russia; they are Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, and Ukraine. It has coastal boundaries with the United States and Japan. In addition, it partially borders the two recognized breakaway states of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

is this article helpful ?

Total Score - 9.8



Russian Federation

User Rating: 4.68 ( 2 votes)

Show More

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button