Grand Mosque of Mecca is the Sacred and largest Mosque all over the world. Travel to Mecca (The House of Allah”) is one of the religious commitments for all Muslims. The Great Mosque of Mecca is also known as al-Masjid al-Ḥarām, which surrounds Kabba in the city of Holy Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This mosque also includes some essential sites that begin from Black Stone, ZamZam well, Maqam Ibrahim, and the hills of Safa and Marwa. The rectangular central courtyard in the mosque is the place for several pilgrimage rituals. The Zamzam well is known as holy spring. Pilgrims must run or walk on the hills of Safa and Marwa in a ceremony known as the saʿy. During the Hajj, the pilgrimage of Muslims assembled in this holy mosque to perform a series of rituals. The Black Stone structure in Kaaba is the sacred Muslim relic. People will circle this structure during haji.
This mosque was constructed during the reign of Caliph Omar Ibn al-Khattab (634-644). The mosque was modified and rebuilt in the 8th and 14th centuries. The government under Highness. King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud in 2011 announced the development of the mosque. With an area of 400,000 m2 and indoor & outdoor praying spaces, it can accommodate 2.5 million worshippers. The new extension gate called King Abdullah gate is built during the latest expansions. Non-muslim visitors are also allowed in this mosque. This place is filled with the crowd all time but looks very clean. The perfect time to visit the mosque is 1 am, which is not so crowded.