Suriname is a smallest sovereign state in South America. Native American Arawak and Carib tribes are the first inhabitants in the country. Columbus was the initial European to discover the coastland in 1498, and Spain claimed the area in 1593. It enjoys comparatively high normal of living but also faces serious supporting and economic challenges. However, the primary settlers were the Dutch in 1616. In 1667 it became a Dutch province called Dutch Guiana. Most of its people are African slaves, Javanese, Indians, laborers brought over by the Dutch to work in agriculture. Most political parties are culturally biased. From 1980 to 1987, the state governed by a sequence of military regimes. A new civilian establishment introduced in 1987. Paramaribo is the capital of Suriname.
The total area of the country is 163,820 square kilometers (63,250 sq mi) . Land Area : 156,000 square kilometers (60,000 sq mi) . Water : 7,820 square kilometers (3,020 sq mi).
Overall population of is 5.81 million in 2019. According to the UN Data in 2019, the population density is 3.7 people per square kilometer. The life expectancy at birth of male was 67.8 years and female are 74.3 years. The sex ratio is 101.1 males per 100 females.
The languages spoken are Dutch (official), English, Sranang Tongo, Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is local language , Hindustani (a language of Hindi), Javanese.
Ethnic group of the country is large and diverse. Indians, Maroons (Bushinengue), Creoles, Javanese, Amerindians, Chinese, Europeans, White and Mixed races form the vast ethnic groups.
Mining industries account for more than a third of the GDP of the country. The government started to control inflation by developing more mining of bauxite and gold mining sectors. Some other industries include alumina production, oil, lumbering, food processing, and fishing are progressing towards a significant additional number to GDP. Suriname has an overall score of 49.5. According to heritage index statistics for economic freedom and stands 163rd rank worldwide after Iran. Continuous efforts have been made by the government to expand offshore Oil drilling agreements with Repsol, Maersk, and Occidental. The growth of the GDP of Suriname is 1.69%. Annual GDP growth of Suriname was 1.9%. The GDP per capita is $6,506 as of 2018.