Spain country is located in Southwestern Europe, which has its territory in both Europe and Africa. About 35,000 years ago, human settlements were in the Iberian Peninsula. During the Roman rule in 200 BCE, the Iberian cultures and settlements of Greek, Celtic, Phoenician and Carthaginian took place in the peninsula. The Germanic Tribes migrated from Central Europe, made an invasion on the Iberian Peninsula then installed some realms on the western provinces. The Visigoths, who are the early Germanic peoples under protest, coordinate all the independent territories in the peninsula with the Visigothic Kingdom, along with the former Roman province of Hispania. Umayyad Islamic Caliphate captured the Visigothic Kingdom in the early 8th century, leads to Muslim rule in the country. Due to this Muslim rule, some Christians fled the country. In 1492, Christianity re-conquered Muslim kingdom. Under the control of Catholic Monarchs, the dynastic union of Castile and Aragon established in the late 15th century, and it shows Spain as a unified country.
Spanish people are the nation native to Spain. Due to its complex history and diverse culture, Spain has several National and Ethnic groups. The Basques, Catalans, Galicians, Andalusians, and Valencians are the traditional identities of Spain.
Spain has a total land area of 505,990 square kilometers, which is the fourth largest in the European Continent. Spain country shares the border with Gibraltar, France, Andorra, Bay of Biscay, and Portugal. The Portugal-Spain border is the longest in Europe. Madrid is the largest capital city in Spain. It is the only European having border with Morocco (African country). The Spanish territory includes the Canary Islands, Balearic Islands, Chafarinas Island, Alhucemas Islands, and some small islands in the Alboran Sea.
As of 2019 estimate, the population of Spain was 46 million, and it was the sixth-largest in Europe. The population density in 2018 is 92.2 people per square kilometer. In 2016, the life expectancy of males and females at birth was 80.3 years and 85.8 years. The net migration rate in Spain in 2020 is 0.856 per 1000 population.
The main religion of country was Roman Catholicism, and it does not designate as the official religion. Since Roman times, Catholic Christianity is in the Iberian Peninsula. Some conflicts arose between church and state in the 19th century due to political liberalism. During the Umayyad rule, a lot of Muslims settled in the country. They left the country after Christians conquered in 1492. Most recently Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs and Muslims are slightly increasing. According to latest 2019 survey, 46.8% are non practicing Catholics, 21.5% are practicing Catholics, 2.6% are followers of other religion, 12.5% atheists, 7.3% are agnostics and 8.1% are non religious.
Even though there are numerous languages spoken among Spanish people, Spanish is considered to be the official language of whole country. Spain a multilingual nation, its constitution protects its diverse culture, tradition and languages. There is also some other Spanish languages spoken by different communities. The co-official languages of are Catalan, Galician, Basque and Occitan.
Spain is a well developed country in Europe. Its high income economy is the 14th largest in the world by GDP (nominal) and 16th largest by GDP (PPP). From 1990, Spanish companies received the multinational status. After the United States, Spain is the second-largest foreign investor; it expands its companies in Asia. Its rapid economic growth was helpful to reduce the Government debt. Spain is the leading producer of solar and wind energy in Europe. Its stunning landscape, coastlines, and gorgeous environment draw a massive number of tourists. Spain is holding a third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage sites, which draw a lot of tourists annually. In 2018, its GDP (nominal) is $1.426 trillion and HDI value is 0.893.
The two-letter country code for Spain is ES.
The capital and the most populous city of Spain is Madrid.
Spanish is the primary official language of Spain. However, it is legally multilingual; hence it has four more official languages. They are Catalan, Galician, Basque, and Occitan.
The international dialing code or phone code for Spain is +34.
Yes. Spain is a nation in Southwestern Europe with some territory across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean. Its continental European regions lie on the Iberian Peninsula.
Flamenco is the most famous musical style of Spain. In its strictest sense, Flamenco is an artistic expression dependent on the different folkloric music customs of southern Spain, beginning in the way of life and traditions of the Calé Roma, generally referred to in Spanish as Gitanos, of the region of Andalusia.