South Africa, with its rich history and a large number of cultures, is a land of option and opportunity. Its biggest asset is undoubtedly mix of people, proud of their custom and the country’s amazing achievements during the First Decade of Freedom. Between 200 000 and 100 000 years ago, modern humans(homo sapiens) began to develop throughout Africa. Later in the 20th Century, evident the conclusion of the South African war from 1899 to 1902. The unbanning of the ANC, the free of Mandela and his fellow prisoners, and the 1994 self-governing elections heralded the birth of the new South Africa.
Ethnic groups of South Africa have a variety of looks. They are Black Africans, White, Colored and Indian/Asian. The Black South Africans are mainly Zulu, Xhosa, Batswana, Bapedi, Venda, Tsonga, Khoisan and Swazi groups.
The total land area of South Africa Country is 1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi), which is the 24th place in the world. South Africa occupies from the desert margin with Namibia on the Atlantic (western) coast southwards about the tilt of Africa and then northeast to the border with Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. The Limpopo and the Orange, are the major rivers in South Africa which runs by a changeable flow across the middle landscape from east to west, emptying into the Atlantic Ocean at the Namibian border.
South Africa’s population in 2019 is 58.78 million and ranks number 25 in the list of countries by population. According to the UN data in 2019, the population density of SA is 48.3 people per square kilometer, the life expectancy at birth of male was 57.8 years and female are 64.2 years.
South Africa’s main religious faith is Christianity. Protestants are highly dominant while compared to Roman Catholics, Pentecostal, Anglican and Zion Christian groups. The Jewish communities in South Africa from European Jews are the 12th largest in the world.
South Africa has 11 official languages. They are Zulu, Afrikaans, English, Xhosa, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Tswana, Tsonga, Swazi, Venda and Southern Ndebele. Among these languages Zulu, Afrikaans and Xhosa are the main languages of Africa peoples.
The South African economy mostly based on private enterprise, but the state participates in many ways. The country’s is a primary producer of iron and steel. The Electrical Supply Commission (ESKOM), the major electricity utility(Govt Organization). Transnet, which runs the railways and harbors (privatized). In the 1990s, the government partly privatized airlines and telecommunications, and, despite fierce resistance from trade unions. According to IMF, South Africa has the GDP (nominal) of $371.298 billion and GDP (PPP) of 813.100 billion in 2019.