Quick Facts about Sufism – Dimension of Islam

  • It’s not a section of Islam but an aspect (or) Dimension of Islam.
  • A practitioner of this tradition is generally known as a “Sufi.”
  • They belong to different “Turug” (or) “orders” – Congregations formed around a master that meet for spiritual sessions (Mamalis) in meeting places known as zawiya.
  • It also absorbed a variety of ideas and practices from other religions.
  • It has two objectives. Own spiritual development & The service of humanity
  • It discouraged a materialistic outlook of life, but they encouraged working for the necessities of life.
  • Sufi also believes that it is achievable to draw nearer to God and mort fully embrace the “Holy presence” in this life.
  • According to some of the Sufis, of four cardinal virtues: Purity, Humility, Magnanimity, Justice.

They divided into several Silsilahs:

Chisti Order

Khwajah Moinuddin Chisti introduced, they didn’t practice renunciation in the literal serve. Still, their preaching’s amounted to adopting a detached view towards the world and having no love for money, women, government service (or) honors. They gave priority to social service over all other forms of devotion.

Subrawardi Order

Founded by Shihab-ud-din Subrawardi. His lessons impacted consequent recondite Iranian idea, and the possibility of “Unequivocal Necessity” is believed to be one of the most significant developments throughout the entire existence of consistent philosophical hypothesis, but stressed by majority Muslim rationalists and scholars.