Al-Masjid An-Nabawi is a holy mosque located in the city center of Medina, Saudi Arabia. It is one of the largest and second holy mosque in Islam after Great Mosque of Mecca . Prophet Muhammad built this holy mosque after his settlement in Medina in 622 AD. Initially, this mosque was an open-air building and served as a community center, school, and court. This holy mosque is famous for its Green Dome in the south-east corner of the mosque. It is said to be Aisha’s house and where the tomb of Muhammad is located. This green dome is made of limestone. This mosque underwent several modifications, renovations, and extension after the Prophet Muhammad.
This two-tiered building has an Ottoman prayer hall on the south side. It has a rooftop with 27 sliding domes on a square basis. The Interior of this dome is artistically decorated and roof of the holy mosque as prayer hall during peak times, and it can be accessed via stairs and escalators. The footpath around the holy mosque of medina is equipped with an umbrella tent for conducting prayers. German Architect Mahmoud Bodo Rasch designed this sliding dome structure and umbrellas tent. Haji pilgrims who come to Mecca can also visit the holy mosque Al-Masjid An-Nabawi in Medina, the Hejaz region. This mosque is the place where you can feel peaceful. This mosque is so neat and clean.
In 2012, the Saudi Government announced a $6 billion project for expanding the mosque area. So it can hold up to 1.6 million to 2 million worshippers.