Country Profile

People’s Republic of China Country Profile Facts

According to the World Bank report, China's GDP in 2018 was $13.6 trillion

China, the world’s most populous country, is in East Asia. From the 21st century BCE, its political system begins with the semi-mythical Xia dynasty and continued by hereditary monarchies or dynasties. The Qin united with core china in the 3rd century led to the established first Chinese empire. The Han dynasty rule from 206 BCE to 220 CE saw modern technology developments in the agricultural and medical fields. In the period of the Han Dynasty, Advanced technology for paper making and the compass were found, the gun powder and movable type system for printing found during the Tang dynasty (618-907), and four great inventions were completed during Northern Song (960-1127). In 1912, the Xinhai Revolution ended the dynasty rule, the Republic of China (ROC) replaced the Qing dynasty. Japan vastly destroyed China during the Second World War.  Continuous Chinese civil war led to the division of territories in 1949; at that time, the People’s Republic of China was established by the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) on mainland China. Today, China’s ruling party is the Communist Party of China (CPC). It uses its jurisdiction in 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, 4 direct-controlled municipalities, and the individual administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Ethnic Groups

China legally recognizes nearly 56 distinct ethnic groups. Among them, ethnic Chinese or Han are the largest single ethnic groups settled in Mainland China. Except for Tibet and Xinjiang, the Han Chinese is in the majority than other ethnic groups in all provinces. Ethnic minorities are less than 25% . Most of the foreign nationals living in China are from the United States, Canada, and Europe.  


China has a total area of 9.597 million square kilometers and is the fourth largest country in the world by its area. The mountain ranges of Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir, and the Tian Shan separate China from central and south Asia. The new Silk Route brought traders to Mesopotamia as well as the Horn of Africa results in widespread of Tang culture Asia. Along the shores of the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea in the east, densely populated alluvial soils are seen, and grasslands occupied space on the Mongolian Plateau in the north. The Taklamakan and the Gobi Desert in northwestern China feature in the country’s arid landscape. The dried lake beds of Ayding Lake are the lowest point of the country. 


China is the world’s most populous country, and its population in 2018 was 13.608 trillion. Its largest capital city Beijing is having more than 20 million people. Beijing is the global center for culture, science and technology, business, education and economy. The life expectancy of both males and females at birth was 77 years. Population density is 144.7 people per square kilometer. In 2015, the life expectancy of males and females at birth was 73.6 years and 79.4 years. The net migration rate  in 2020 is -0.249 per 1000 population. Shanghai, the urban area of China, is the world’s second-most populous city


The People’s Republic of China gives freedom for all religion, but some religious organizations which cannot get official approval were being state persecuted. China’s Government officially designated State Atheism. In Chinese folk religion, Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism are the three teachings took a prominent place. It is the most popular religion in Chinese that follows the ancestral principles of human groups, culture, and Chinese mythology, and it is considered to be the faith of shen. Several ethnic minority groups of china follow their traditional religion, and the Government also shows interest in preserving their indigenous religion. In 2014, non-religious or Chinese folk religion was 74%, Buddhists 16%, Christians 2%, Muslims 1%, and 8% of other faiths.


A standard Chinese language called Mandarin is the official language of China. Mandarin is a Sino-Tibetan language that was widely spoken by 70% of the Chinese population. There are more than 292 languages spoken among ethnic groups of China. Yue, Wu, Min, Xiang, Gan, and Hakka are some of the Chinese languages. In Southwest, Widely spoken Languages are Zhuang, Thai, Dong, Sui, Miao, Yao, and Wa


According to the World Bank report, China’s GDP in 2018 was $13.6 trillion. The HDI value of China in 2018 was 0.758. China is the world’s No.1 manufacturer of electrical products, and its retail market is the second largest after the United States. The world’s largest stock exchanges are in Shanghai, Hong Kong, and Shenzhen. In the sectors of manufacturing, electronics, telecommunication, e-commerce, automobiles, banking, energy generation, mining, textiles, and steel, it has become a great competitor in the world. For having a large number of billionaires, China ranks 1st and ranks 2nd for having millionaires. In the field of Science and Technology, China has seen a lot of development during the Ming Dynasty. Due to its most significant population, fastly growing economy, and high military powers, it is considered as a powerful country in the world.


What country is China?

China is a East Asian country, and it borders fourteen countries. It is the world’s most populous country and also the largest country in Asia.

What is China’s country code?

The country code of China is abbreviated in two letters. China’s country code is CN.

What is China country’s phone code?

The phone code for China is +86.

What are the famous gardens in China?

Yuyuan Garden, The Summer Palace, Humble Administrator’s Garden, Lingering Garden, and Norbulingka are the famous gardens in China.

What is the total size of China?

China has a total land area or size of 9.6 million square kilometers. It is the world’s fourth-largest country by area.

Where did the word ‘China’ originate from?

Since the 16th century, the word China has been used in English. However, during this period, this word was not used by the Chinese themselves. Instead, its origin has been detected through Portuguese, Persian, and Malay to the Sanskrit word Chīna, utilized in ancient India.

Where is the Great Wall of China found?

The Great Wall of China is an ancient fortification built across the northern borders of Imperial China and ancient Chinese states. Spanning over 20,000 km in total, it is the longest man-made structure in the world.

What are the instruments used for China’s traditional music?

The traditional music of China is played on solo instruments like flutes, gongs, cymbals, and drums.

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