The Modern new 7 wonders of the world is a campaign that begins in 2000 to select wonders of the world from an assortment of two hundred existing monuments. This campaign would contrast to the already established list of the seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Through the internet or text messaging, people worldwide voted on these new wonders of the world. As over 100 million votes were cast, the final results were announced in 2007. The new seven wonders of the modern world are a series of monuments that have been perceived as the best man-made designs still in presence.
1. Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is one of the ancient landmarks on this world’s wonder list. It is a sequence of fortifications constructed across the northern borders of old Chinese states and Imperial China. The length of the wall is estimated at 13,170 miles (21,200 km). A small section of the wall was constructed during the early 7th century BC, while some stretches were joined together by China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang.
Most sections of the wall that we know today were built during the Ming Dynasty, between 1368 and 1644. The Great Wall of China was built for a defensive purpose against invading tribes. Apart from defense, it was also used to work with transportation, encouragement of trade, and manage China’s boundaries.
2. Chichen Itza (Mexico)
Chichen Itza is the oldest city built by the Maya civilization between the 9th and 12th centuries. It is the most famous archaeological site located on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage site, and now it got a new status of one among the modern 7 wonders of the world. This city contains numerous monuments and temples built by the Maya tribes.
The site displays many architectural styles, suggestive of central Mexico types. Chichen Itza was one of the biggest Maya urban communities and it was likely to have been one of the legend great cities, or Tollans, alluded to in later Mesoamerican writing.
3. Christ The Redeemer (Brazil)
Christ the Redeemer, a mammoth statue of Jesus, stands atop of the Corcovado mountain in Rio de Janeiro. It is the giant Art Deco sculpture in the world. The statue of Christ the Redeemer was chosen as a symbol of peace. The statue at the top of the Corcovado mountain is 30m high, excluding its 8m base. The arms stretch 28m wide. And it weighs about 635 metric tons.
The sculpture has likewise become a social symbol of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. Christ the Redeemer, the top tourist attraction in Rio de Janeiro, has now been declared as the modern 7 wonders of the world.
4. The Colosseum (Italy)
Located in the center of Rome city is an oval-shaped amphitheater. It is the biggest old amphitheater at any point fabricated, is as yet the biggest standing amphitheater on the planet today, regardless of its age. This massive structure is built of travertine limestone, brick-faced concrete, and tuff. It was capable of holding 65,000 spectators at a time.
This building was used for public events such as gladiatorial fights, re-enactments of famous battles and dramas. During the 5th and 6th centuries, the building ceased to function as public entertainment. Later, the Colosseum was used as a housing unit, workshop, castle, and Christian shrine.
5. Machu Picchu (Peru)
An Incan citadel that flanks a mountain range in the Cuzco region in Peru. There was a big confusion that remained among scholars in identifying the purpose of Machu Picchu. Later, many archeologists accept that It is an Estate build for the Inca emperor Pachacuti between 1438–1472. With polished dry-stone walls, Macchu Picchu was built in a traditional Incan style.
The Temple of the Sun, Intihuatana (ritual stone), and the Room of the Three Windows is its primary structures. Most of the buildings on the outside are restored. Nearly half of Machu Picchu had been restored. In 1981, it was declared as a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary, and it was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. Today, Machu Picchu is the modern 7 wonders of the world.
6. Petra (Jordan)
Petra, an ancient city, situated in a distant valley, settled among sandstone mountains and rocks. Located in Southern Jordan, it’s a paradise for archeologists. Petra is also called “Red Rose City” because of the stone color from which it is carved. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage site. Its famous Al-Khazneh structure is affirms to be the mausoleum of Nabataean king IV.
However, Petra began to decline as marine trade routes emerged, and a major earthquake in 363 CE damaged many structures. Another jitter attack in 551, Petra was gradually deserted. The ruins were re-discovered by Johann Ludwig Burckhardt (Swiss explorer) in 1812, which was the first time that the Western world had known about the city’s presence. The British archaeologists and scholars excavated and surveyed Petra in 1929. Now, Petra is one among the modern 7 wonders of the world.
7. Taj Mahal (India)
The Taj Mahal is the most popular mausoleum complex in the Indian city of Agra. It is one of the most iconic structures in the world. Shah jahan built Tajmahal for his lovable wife, Mumtaz, who passed away during childbirth. The tomb is the midpoint of a seventeen-hectare complex, including a guest house, mosque, spacious garden, and reflecting pool.
Shah Jahan was buried in the mausoleum next to his late wife. The mausoleum was constructed between 1632 and 1643. Over 20,000 workers and 1000 elephants were used to build this world wonder. The construction cost of the Taj Mahal was estimated to be about 32 million rupees at the time. The tomb is made of ivory-white marble that features semiprecious stones in geometric and floral patterns.