Mauritius a democratic country and is also an island nation of the Indian Ocean was discovered by Portuguese in 1505. Before its independence in 1968, the country was ruled by Dutch, French and British. The Dutch captured the country from 1598 and flawlessly ruled up to 1710. The French take over in 1715 renamed it as Isle de France. In 1906, the British colony was created on the main island of Mauritius. The democratic nation’s peaceful &honest elections and human rights made a high rate of foreign investment which earned Africa’s highest per capita incomes. The creole community was largely affected due to the sugar rate decrease.
Mauritian Creoles are the original natives who are brought as slaves to work in the sugar fields. After the abolition of slavery in 1935, some of the Indians came to this island as contract workers to work in sugar fields called Indo-Mauritius and they are Muslims. The Indians, Africans, Chinese and French peoples form the multilingual society of this island.
At 2000 km southeast of the African continent, Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. With the total area of 2040 square kilometers, the republic nation consists of Main Island and several islands. Other Islands covering the Island are Rodrigues, Chagos Archipelago, St. Brandon, Agalega and Tromelin. Port Louis is the capital city which acts as the main center of economic activity and highly populated city.
According to the UN Data, the population of Mauritius in 2019 is 1.27 million, the population density is 625.5 people per square kilometer, the life expectancy at birth of male was 70.7 years and female are 77.7 years. The sex ratio is 97.6 males per 100 females.
Mauritius is a multi-religion country where Hinduism is followed as a main religious faith. The Indo-Mauritians follow both Hinduism and Islam. The Mauritian Creoles and Sino Mauritian follow Christianity. While some Mauritians also follow Buddhism.
There is no official language in Mauritius. The English and French are considered to be a common language spoken in the constitutional assembly and other Government administration. For some Mauritians, the highly preferred language is Mauritian Creole. Some other languages spoken in Mauritius are Tamil, Hindi, Marathi, and Chinese.
Mauritius is a low-income economy based on agriculture, after its independence. It has seen years of development over the Tourism, Finance service and Textile industry. Mauritius takes the 21st rank in a Economic freedom index in the world. In 2018, the GDP (nominal) is $ $14,210 billion and GDP (PPP) is $22.994 billion. The Human Development Index value in 2018 is 0.796. The most recently growing sectors are information and communication technology, Education, Healthcare, renewable energy, and property development.