Kenya an African country was act as British colony, up to its independence in 1963. The initial settlers are pastoralists in 500 BC and cushites in between 3200 and 1300 BC. Jomo KENYATTA who was the president of Independent Kenya better guided the country until his death in 1978. After his death a constitutional power selected Daniel Toroitich arap MOI as a president. Kenya African National Union is a sole legal party in Kenya, made Kenya as a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982. In late 1991, for political liberalization the internal and external pressure was accepted by MOI. An ethnic violence and coups was arising to dismiss the power of KANU during the elections in 1992 and 1997, but it was failed and it seems to be the desire of Kenyan people. A serene election held on 2002 seized the power of President Daniel arap MOI.
Table of Contents
With total area of 580,367 square kilometers, Kenya is the 48th largest country in the world. It has its border as Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Tanzania and Indian Ocean. Kenya’s largest capital city is Nairobi and its official language is English and Swahili.
According to the UN Data, the population of 52,574,000 as of 2019. The population density is 92.4 people per square kilometer. The life expectancy at birth of male was 60.6 years and female are 65.2 years. The sex ratio is 98.8 males per 100 females.
In Kenya’s 52 million populations there are nearly 47 communities. Bantu and Nilo are the fair local residents. The north and north eastern arid region of Kenya was inhabited by Somalis. Other native ethnic groups are Kikuyu, Luhya, Kalenjin, Luo, Kamba, Kisii, Meru, Mijikenda, Maasai and Turkana. Kenyan’s are mostly Christian’s who are divided into Protestant and Roman Catholic.
The Official language of Kenya was English and Swahili. Among business administration and educational institution English is mainly spoken. Peoples in the rural areas are mostly speaking their native languages like Swahili and other languages derived from Bantu.
Kenya became a member of Commonwealth of Nation after the freedom, and it has the largest economy in Central Africa. It is also the member of United States, World Bank, International Monetary Fund.
Kenya is a lower-middle-income economy which is highly dependent on Agriculture, Tourism, financial service and telecommunication. The most valuable exports of Kenya are tea, coffee and horticulture produces.
Nairobi, Mombasa and Kisumu are the three largest urban centers. Lake Naivasha in Nairobi holds the most of the flower farms, which made Kenya as the largest exporter of cut flowers.
6% of GDP growth in 2018 and is estimated to 5.8% of GDP growth in 2019. Estimated Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $99.246 billion in 2019. The HDI value of 0.579 in 2018 put Kenya in medium development category.