President of India is elected through a Electoral colleges consists of Two houses of the Parliament and Legislative assemblies of the state and the Union Territories.
Qualification of the President (Article 58)
- He Must be a Citizen of India
- He Must completed 35 years of Age
- Qualified as a Member of the Houses of People (Lok Sabha)
- Not hold any office Under Profit of State/Central governments.
President Term’s of Office
- President of India is elected under 5 Years Tenture
- He can resign his office by writing under his hand addressed to Vice President
- President Shall Notwithstanding the Expiration of his term, can continue to hold the office until, his Successor enters upon his office.
Pardoning Powers of the President of India
- President has the power to PARDON, SUSPEND, REMIT or COMMUTE the sentence given by court Martial, against the offence of Union, Law Under Article 72.
- According to Article 74, President can’t be compelled against the Petitioner hearing and he must exercise the power to Grant Pardon with taken advice of Council of Ministers.
- Court can interfere in this matter on merit basis, it can check all the Materials (Taken Advice from Council of Ministers) are checked by the President of India while taking Decision.
Position of the President of India in Parliament
- Summons the two houses, Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha to Meet
- Prorogue their Sittings
- Dissolve the Lok Sabha
- Promulgate ordinance (When two houses are not in Session)
- He can Nominate 2 Members of Anglo-Indian Community to Lok Sabha
- He can Nominate 12 Members to Rajya Sabha from amongst persons having special knowledge or practical expertise in respect of such matter as Literature, Science, Art, and Social Service.
Appointments by The President of India
- Prime Minister of India
- Council of Ministers upon the advise of Prime Minister of India
- Judges of Honorable Supreme Court, High Court
- Comptroller Auditor General of India
- Attorneys and all Members of UPSC (Union Service Public Commission)
- Lok Sabha Speaker and Chairman of Rajya Sabha
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad is the FIRST PRESIDENT OF INDIA . (Under Two terms)
- Shri V.V. Giri – Is elected as a president after second ballot votes counted
- Dr. Sanjiv Reddy is the only person elected as a president of India without contest.
- Hon. Pratibha Patil is the FIRST WOMEN PRESIDENT OF INDIA