The Dutch are initial settlers of Guyana before it came under the control of the British in the 18th century. Guyana was governed by the British until the 1950’s. The contract employees are taken from India to work in sugar plantations and some black settlements were made in urban areas, all are caused due to the Abolition of Slavery. After got independence from the UK in 1966, it was generally ruled by socialist-oriented governments and became a Commonwealth Nation in 1970. The country’s first and true election after independence was conducted in 1992, which elected Cheddi Jagan as a President. He died after five years of rule and then his wife came to the position. She also resigned from her position in 1999 due to poor health. Following this, Bharrat JAGDEO her successor was re-elected in 2001.
Guyana a country in South America and is also considered as part of the Anglophone-Caribbean sphere. It has its boundary as the Atlantic Ocean, Brazil, Venezuela, and Suriname. With a total area of 214,970 square kilometers, it contains 8.4% of water. Guyana contains the large shield mass which is north of the Amazon River and east of Orinoco River. The Essequibo, the Berbice, the Demerara, and the Courentyne River are the major rivers in Guyana.
In 2019, Guyana’s population was 783,000 and its annual population growth was 0.5%. The median age is 24.6 years and its population density is 3.6 people per square kilometer. According to the UN Data in 2019, the population density is 4 people per square kilometer. The life expectancy at birth of male was 65.4 years and female are 72.2 years. The sex ratio is 101 males per 100 females. On its total population, 31.9% of people are under age 15, 63.3% of the population is between 15 and 64, 4.8% of the population is above 65 years.
In Guyana, Christianity and Hinduism serve as the major religion. The Pentecostal, Anglican, Seventh day Adventist and roman Catholicism is the different forms of Christian groups in Guyana. It is the only Nation in South America which speaks English as official language.
The economy of Guyana is highly dependent on agriculture, manufacturing industry and mining. According to the World Bank report, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Guyana in 2018 is 3.88 billion US dollars. It takes 123rd position out of 189 countries for the Human Development Index (HDI) value of 0.670.