Canada Country Profile Facts

Population | Religion | Language | Economy |
Canada Map
Map of Canada

Canada is a self-governing dominion from 1867 with rich natural resource. In Canada, indigenous peoples in south of the Arctic Circle are referred by “First Nation”. Today, Indigenous peoples in the country include the first Nation, Inuit and Meits. The First Nation and Inuit people who married the European settlers in mid-17th century, arise a mixed blood people. During European settlements the population of Indigenous peoples in the country is estimated between 2, 00,000 to 2 million. The British and French settlements along the Atlantic coast took place in 16th century.

Ethnic groups

Canadian census report in 2016 revealed that Canadians are the main ethnic groups occupying 32% of population. Other largest ethnic groups in the country of canada are English, Scottish, Irish, French, Italian, German, Chinese, North American Indian and East Indian. Canada is a federal and parliamentary democracy state with two legislative houses (upper house – senate and lower house – House of Commons). It has Monarch, Governor General, Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister. It is a federal dominion of United Kingdom and is also one of the Commonwealth nations.


Canada is the World’s Second Largest Country with its total area of 9.98 million square kilometers, in the northern part of North America. With ten provinces and three territories, the country shares its longest southern border of 5525 mile with United States of America. It is the world’s longest bi-national land border which was not patrolled by military forces. The majority of Canadian population lives at a distance of 185 miles from international boundary. It has the total land area of 9.09 square kilometers and water of 8.92%. Ottawa is the capital city of Canada stands on the south bank of Ottawa River.


According to UN data, the population of the country is 37.4 million in 2019, with 1.1% annual growth. The PD (People density) is 4.1 people per square kilometer. The gender ratio is 98.5 males per 100 females. The life expectancy at birth of male was 79.6 years and female are 83.8 years.The net migration rate of the country of Canada is 6.375 per thousand populations.


The religious faith of Canada is Christianity where English and French are commonly spoken language in the country. Canadians are the native residents of Canada, who are identifying themselves as Christians. According to National Household Survey in 2011, 67.2% of Canadians are Christians, 3.2% Muslims, 1.5% Hindus, 1.4% Sikhs, 1.1% Buddhists, 23.9% non religious and 1.7% other religion.

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According to Goverment of Canada, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Canada in 2018 is $2,219.1 Billion. Canada gets the thirteenth highest ranking of for its HDI value of 0.922 in 2018. Due to its rich natural resources and highly developed international trade networks, canada is the world’s tenth largest economy. Canada contains some of the world’s largest industry in the field of software, seafood, automotive, manufacturing, service and agriculture.

Immigration System

It is the first country in the world to accept the multiculturalism policy in 1971. Millions of people from around the world come to Canada for working, studying and visiting purpose. Canada’s immigration policy has divided into three categories follows  Economic Immigation, Famil reunification and Humanitarian Considerations.

Canada Country Code : CA

Canada Dailing Code: +1