Brazil, a country in South America, is the fifth-largest in the world by area. Historically, Brazil was the homeland of indigenous tribes. An explorer named Pedro Álvares Cabral conquered an area for the Portuguese Empire in 1500. Brazil functioned as a Portuguese Colony until its capital change to Rio de Janeiro in 1808, then it high as a kingdom in 1815 after the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. A constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system governing a unitary state formed the Empire of Brazil and got independence in 1822. A military maneuver turned the country into the Presidential Republic in 1889. An authoritarian military ruled the country from 1964 to 1985 then again turned to civilian rule. The Brazil Country contains 26 states and one central district.Today, the constitution of Brazil is a democratic federal republic. Brasilia is the capital of Brazil. The country’s native people are the Indigenous Brazilians who are settled since before the European contact. The Portuguese colonists, African ancestries, and people from native Brazilians form a prosperous Brazilian society.
Ethnic groups constituting in Brazil are Amerindian (indigenous Brazilians), Whites, Blacks, Asians, Mulatto (mixed people of black and white), Mestizos (mixed people of white and Indian), Pardo (brown). Brazil faced over 5 million immigration in the 19th century. Immigrated peoples of Brazil are Portuguese, German, Italian, Ukrainian, Spanish, Russian, Japanese, Chinese, Jewish and Arabs.
In its total area of 8.511 million square kilometers, the country has fertile dense forests. Brazilian topography consists of mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands. Its Amazon Forest is world-famous for herbal medicine. Brazil was bordered by Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and France. Its Amazon River basin is a dense forest which is home to diverse wildlife and natural resources having numerous ecological system and protected habitats. Its unique environment pushed Brazil into one of 17 megadiverse countries.
Brazil was the sixth most populous country in the world, with 209 million populations in 2018, and it has a population growth rate of 0.8% annually. It was estimated to reach 214 million people in 2020. Sao Paulo is the most populous city in Brazil, with over 11 million populations. The life expectancy at birth of the total population was 76 years, and its population density is 24.6 people per square kilometers. The net migration rate in Brazil in 2020 is 0.072 per 1000 people.
Brazil’s predominant religion was considered as Catholicism. Roman Catholicism remains the primary religious faith of the country. Next to Catholics, the Protestant group of Pentecostal and Evangelical are the largest. Spiritism, which was found by the French educator, was also followed in the country. Buddhism, Judaism, Amerindian, and Islam are the other religions at lower rates in the country. An IBGE census in 2010 shows, Roman Catholics in Brazil is 64.6%, Protestants are 22.2%, atheists are 8%, Spiritism was followed by 2%, and other religious are 1%.
Portuguese was the official language of the country. Brazil is the only American country having Portuguese as its official language. Brazil wants to disclose it as an identity of the nation. Many Amerindian languages are spoken widely in remote areas and by the immigrants, especially in Northern Brazil. Brazilian German dialects are Riograndenser Hunsrückisch and the East Pomeranian dialect. Talian (a Venetian dialect) primarily spoken in the northeastern state of Rio Grande do Sul. Jewish communities in Brazil speaks to Yiddish and Hebrew language.
Brazil has a mixed economy, and it is the largest in Latin America. In 2018, Brazil’s GDP of 1.869 trillion was the ninth-largest economy in the world. Brazil has a leading position in the fields of service sectors, agriculture, mining, and manufacturing. Brazil is the world’s largest coffee producer for 150 years. Brazil includes automobile, petrochemical, and aircraft-based industries, and its car market is the fourth largest in the world. Brazil is the world’s largest energy consumer of hydroelectricity and ethanol. Most recently, it discovered oil and increase its oil production day by day. The tourism sector of Brazil has also taken place in the economy. Its fertile forest reserves, surprising environment, and UNESCO World Heritage site attracts a lot of tourists very well. Brazil is considered as middle power sometimes in international affairs. Brazil is a founding member of the UN, the G20, OAS, BRICS, CPLP, USAN, and OEI.
Brazil Country Code is BR
Brazil is situated on the eastern coast of South America. It is the biggest country in Latin America and South America and the 5th largest country in the world.
Brazil is the biggest South American country, and it borders all the countries in South America except Ecuador and Chile. It forms a huge triangle on the eastern part of the mainland with a 4,500-mile coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.
Phone code for the Brazil country is +55.
The flag of Brazil contains four colors, namely green, yellow, blue, and white. The outer layer of the flag is green, and it contains a yellow rhombus and a blue circle. This blue circle represents the sky of 27 white stars and a curved band with the National motto, “Ordem E Progress.”
The music of Brazil was shaped primarily from the combination of European and African components. As a result, Samba, Forro, Choro, and Bosso Nova are the more popular genres of Brazilian music.