Bahrain Country Profile Facts

Population | Religion | Language | Economy |

Bahrain country is centrally located small island nation in the persian gulf. Bahrain has turned into international banking center with its petroleum processing and refining. In order to improve relations with the Shi’a community, Sheikh HAMAD bin Isa Al Khalifa, who came to power in 1999 has put away economic and political reforms. Bahraini voters agreed the poll of National Action Charter – the centerpiece of Sheikh HAMAD’s political liberalization program in Feb, 2001. Sheikh HAMAD bin Isa Al Khalifa announced monarchy for Bahrain by changing its status from Amir to King. With reorganized bicameral legislature National Assembly, Bahrainis elected members of the lower house in Oct, 2002. The two chambers of bicameral legislature of Bahrain are upper and lower house. The upper house has more restricted powers than lower house.

Ethnic Groups

The main ethnic groups of the country are Shia and Sunni Bahrainis. Sunni Bahrainis further include two main groups, namely Baharna and Ajam. Sunni Arabs are the dominant and influential ethnic groups, holding the Bahrain Monarchy. Sunni Arabs have been inhabited in the areas of Zallaq, Riffa, Muharraq, and Hawar islands.

Land Area

According to World Bank report, the total land area of Bahrain is 7741.2 square kilometers which is relatively small in Gulf Cooperation Council (CGC). The 83% land area of island nation comprises of 33 Natural Island and 51 Artificial Island. Bahrain is the third smallest nation in Asia with Manama as its capital. The desert area of Bahrain occupies 92% of its land area.


The population of Bahrain country in 2018 was 1,569,439 million and it has the annual population growth of 1.5%. In 2019, the life expectancy at birth of male was 75.6 years and female are 77.5 years. The population density is 2159.4 people per square kilometer. The sex ratio is 179.9 males per 100 females. On its total population 20.5% of population is under 15, 77% of population between 15 and 64 years old and 2.6% of population is above 65 years. The median age of Bahrainian is 31.2 years.The net migration rate of Bahrain is 22.027 per 1000 populations.


The main religion of Bahrain country is Islam, it contains 70.3% of its whole population. Sunnis took a major part in Bahrain’s politic and economy. The other religions population was shown in the table below.

ReligionPercentage %


Arabic is the prominent speaking official language in Bahrain. Most of the Non-Bahrain’s speak Farsi Language too. Even though English is compulsory  secondary language in the schools .


The discovery of oil reserves in 1932, it made the country to start trade and commercial activity. After the decline of oil reserves in early 70s, Bahrain involved in petroleum processing and refining. It made Bahrain to get transformed into international banking center. Manama the capital city of Bahrain was home to numerous financial institutions. Banking and tourism plays a main role in Bahrain besides oil and gas industries. According to IMF, GDP (nominal) is $38.184 billion and GDP (PPP) is $76.951 billion in 2019.The growth rate was 3.8% (2017) 2.2% (2018) 2.0% (2019) 2.1% (2020). The Human Development Index value is 0.838 in 2018 get the 45th place out of 189 countries and territories.

Bahrain Country Code : BH

Bahrain  Dailing Code: +973